Programme at a Glance


ICPMG2014 Guest and Keynote Lectures

1st Schofield Lecture

Professor Malcolm Bolton, Cambridge University, UK

Title: Centrifuge modelling: expecting the unexpected

Malcolm Bolton graduated in Engineering from Cambridge University in 1967 and he subsequently acquired an MSc by research in structural engineering from Manchester University and a PhD in soil mechanics from Cambridge. His academic career in geotechnical engineering started in Manchester in 1970 where he helped Professor Andrew Schofield to develop the UK’s first geotechnical centrifuge. He returned to Cambridge in 1980 where he is Professor of Soil Mechanics and Director of the Schofield Centre for Geotechnical Process and Construction Modelling. He is the author of a book and over 200 publications covering the fundamental mechanics of granular materials and a wide variety of civil engineering applications from deep excavations to foundations, and from earthquake effects to landslide hazard reduction. He served on the drafting panel of the UK Code of Practice on Earth Retaining Structures, BS 8002 (1994). Professor Bolton has acted as a consultant to oil companies and offshore engineering companies in relation to soil-pipeline interactions on the sea bed, and served for four years on the Slope Stability Technical Review Board of the Hong Kong Government. He was the founding chairman of Technical Committee 35 “Geomechanics from Micro to Macro” for the International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, serving for 10 years. Professor Bolton holds various awards from the UK Institutions of Civil Engineers and Structural Engineers, and the Canadian Geotechnical Society, including a British Geotechnical Association Prize, a Telford Premium, the T K Hsieh Award (twice), an Oscar Faber Award, and the Sir Benjamin Baker silver medal. He was the 2012 Rankine Lecturer, on the topic “Performance-based design in geotechnical engineering”. He is a Fellow of the UK Royal Academy of Engineering.

Guest Lectures

Professor Liang Cheng,The University of Western Australia

Title: UWA's O-tube facilities: physical modelling of fluid-structure-seabed interaction

Liang completed his Bachelor of Engineering at Tsinghua University and then completed is Masters and PhD at Dalian University. He is now a Winthrop Professor at the School of Civil & Resource Engineering, University of Western Australia. Liang’s main research areas are scour and scour protections, numerical modelling of turbulent flows, hydrodynamic forces on structures, vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) and local scour below pipelines and around structures, sediment transport processes and non-linear wave forces on structures.

Professor Mark Randolph, The University of Western Australia

Title: TBA

Mark completed his Bachelor Degree (Engineering Science) and Masters at Oxford University. He then went on to complete his PhD at Cambridge University in 1978 and worked as an Assistant Lecturer at Cambridge until he moved to the Department of Civil Engineering at The University of Western Australia in 1986. He was the Director of the Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems at UWA from 1997 – 2005, and was then awarded an ARC Federation Fellowship which ended in 2010. Mark is now a senior researcher at COFS as well as a Director of the Perth specialist geotechnical consultancy company Advanced Geomechanics.

He has published more than 400 papers in international journals and conferences, and supervised more than 50 PhD students. He is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, and the Royal Academy of Engineering (UK), as well as recently being elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.

He was been presented with numerous awards including the British Geotechnical Association Prize (UK) in 2005, the John Booker Medal in 2005, the Geotechnical Research Medal (UK) in 2004, the Centenary Medal (Australia) in 2003 and the John Henry Garrood King Medal (UK) in 2000.

Mark’s research areas include: anchoring systems (drag and plate anchors, suction caissons), field testing of soft sediments (in particular the use of full-flow penetrometers), pipelines and lateral pile response, shallow foundations under combined vertical and horizontal loading, pile performance in different soil and rock types, pile dynamics and piled raft foundations.

Professor Sarah Springman, ETH Zurich, Institute for Geotechnical Engineering, Switzerland

Title: Lessons learnt from centrifuge modelling of sand compaction piles and implications for design

The University of Cambridge, England: BA in Engineering Sciences (Girton), 1978; MA in Engineering Sciences, MPhil in Soil Mechanics (St Catharine’s); 1984, PhD in Soil Mechanics (Magdalene), 1989.

Professor ETH Zurich, Switzerland, 1997-. Lecturer, 1993-96, Assistant Lecturer, 1991-93, Research Associate, 1988, Research Fellow, 1988-90, all Cambridge University & Magdalene College, Research Assistant, 1983-89, Cambridge University, England. Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners, Reading, England 1980-83; grad. engineer Gibb Australia, Fiji, 1981-82; trainee Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners, 1975-79; engineer Gibb Australia, Adelaide & Canberra, Australia, 1979.

Editor: (books) Constitutive and centrifuge modelling: Two Extremes (2001). Co-editor: ICOP 2003, Permafrost. Co-editor: Modelling in Geotechnics ICPMG 2010. Publication list to be found under:

Memberships (selection)
Swiss Science and Technology Council (SWTR), 2000-07; Chair, TC 2 on Physical Modelling of the International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 2005-10, member since 2001; EPSRC Peer Review College, 2006-09; Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers (FICE), 2006; Management Board, ETH Zurich Competence Centre for Environmental Sustainability (CCES), 2006-07; Chair ETHZ Natural Hazards Group (HazNETH), 2007-08; Member of the European Research Council Review Panel PE8 B, 2008-2009; Fellow of The Royal Academy of Engineering FREng, 2009; Chair 2010 International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics ICPMG, Zurich; Board of Electors to the Laing O'Rourke Professorship of Construction Engineering, University of Cambridge, 2011; Board of Electors to the Professorship of Petroleum Engineering Geology, Technical University of Denmark DTU, 2011; Board of Electors to the Professorship of Offshore Foundations for Wind Energy, Dept. Civil and Transport Engineering, NTNU Trondheim, 2011; Search Committee, Queen Elizabeth II Prize for Engineering, 2012.

Regional Editor, International Journal for Physical Modelling in Geotechnics IJPMG, 2001-; Associate Editor, Permafrost & Periglacial Processes, 2013-2014.

Geotechnical ‘Honours’ Canadian Geotechnical Society: Cross Canada Lecturer, autumn 2010 Slovenian Geotechnical Society: Sûklje Lecturer, autumn 2011

Keynote Lectures

Dr Fraser Bransby, The Advanced Geomechanics, Australia

Title: The use of physical modelling in offshore engineering

Fraser started physical modelling by using the Cambridge beam centrifuge during his PhD. After several years at UWA (mainly avoiding the use on their beam centrifuge), he returned to the UK to the University of Dundee. There he developed both centrifuge and laboratory scale model tests to investigate a diverse range of boundary value problems ranging from plant roots in soil to buildings on earthquake faults. As part of work in Dundee, he managed physical model tests for the offshore industry on pipeline and foundation related problems. He has since moved to offshore geotechnical engineering consultancy, Advanced Geomechanics, where he has been providing geotechnical support to pipeline and subsea aspects of the large gas developments in Western Australia. Part of this work has involved specifying and interpreting physical model testing to answer key design questions with the aim of reducing risks and costs to the operators. The talk will discuss how physical model testing has been developed to tackle two, apparently simple, aspects of pipeline engineering and how that has helped both industry design methods, and site-specific design.

Dr Byron Byrne University Lecturer in Civil Engineering at Oxford University

Title: Laboratory scale modelling for offshore geotechnical problems

Dr Byron Byrne is currently a University Lecturer in Civil Engineering at Oxford University and a Fellow of St Catherine's College. After his combined degrees in Civil Engineering and Commerce at the University of Western Australia he came to Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar, where he specialised in offshore foundations. He subsequently held a variety of post-doctoral positions in Oxford before his appointment to his current faculty position. His research on soil-structure interaction is mostly applied to offshore engineering, mainly in the offshore renewable energy sector but he also works on offshore pipeline problems. In 2011 he gave the Géotechnique Lecture at the UK's Institution of Civil Engineers on "Foundations for Offshore Wind Turbines". His work has been supported by a range of funders, drawn from the public and private sector, and he is active in providing consultancy advice. He is currently on the Editorial Board of Géotechnique Letters.

Professor Bernado Caicedo Hormaza, La Universidad de los Andes, Columbia

Title: Principles of physical modelling of unsaturated soils

Coming soon...

Dr Stuart Haigh, Cambridge University, UK

Title: Foundations for offshore wind turbines

Stuart completed his undergraduate degree at Cambridge University, remaining there to study for a PhD on the Effects of Lateral Spreading on Pile Foundations in 2002. Between 2002 and 2008, he worked as a postdoctoral researcher in Cambridge and at C-CORE, Canada, working on soil dynamics and geotechnical earthquake engineering before being appointed as a University Lecturer at Cambridge University. Stuart is assistant director of the Schofield Centre for Geotechnical Process Modelling at Cambridge University and a fellow of Trinity College. Stuart’s research interests encompass centrifuge model testing for both static and dynamic applications, particularly the influence of dynamic loading on offshore foundation systems.

Professor Dong-Soo Kim, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Korea

Title: Centrifuge modelling on seismic behaviour of stone architectural heritages

B.S. Majored in Civil Engineering, Seoul National University, 1983 M.S. Majored in Civil Engineering, Seoul National University, 1985 Ph.D. Majored in Geotechnical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1991

Academic Assistant Professor, Polytechnic University, New York, 1991 ~ 1994 Assistant, Associate and Professor, KAIST, 1994 ~ present Head, Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering, KAIST, 2003 ~ 2005 Director, KOCED Geotechnical Centrifuge Center, 2005 ~ present

Professional Affiliation
Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea (EESK), Board Member, Vice president, 1997 ~present Korean Geo-Environmental Society (KGES), Board Member, Vice president, 2002 ~present Korean Geotechnical Society (KGS), Executive Board Member of Foreign Affairs, 2008 ~ 2012 Korean Geotechnical Society (KGS), Executive Board Member of Academic Affairs, 2012 ~ present IS-Seoul 2011, General Secretary, 2008~2011 Soils and Foundation, Editorial Member, 2008~present Editor in Chief, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 2010~2011 19th International Conference of Soil Mechanics of Geotechnical Engineering, Bidding Committee Chair

Young Presidential Scientist Award at Korean Academic of Science and Technology, 2002 Best Paper Awards at Korean Geotechnical Society and Korean Society of Civil Engineering, 1998, 2006 Best Publication Award at Korean Federation of Society and Technology Societies, 2007 Academic Achievement Awards of Korean Geo-Environmental Society, Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea and Korean Geotechnical Society 2009, 2010, 2010 KAIST Achievement Award, 2009 Presidential Award, Civil Engineer’s Day, 2011 Academic Achievement Award of Korean Society of Civil Engineering, 2012

Associate Professor Xianfeng Ma, Tongji University, China

Title: Centrifuge modelling of some geotechnical process in soft ground using pragmatic approaches

Dr. Xianfeng Ma graduated from the Faculty of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, China in 1993 and 1996 respectively with a bachelor degree and a master degree. He continued his PhD course at the same university which turned out to be a China-Japan collaboration between Tongji and Osaka City University. He got his PhD in 2000 on the research of seismic response of underground structures and joined the Faculty of Engineering, Tokushima University, Japan as an Assistant Professor and two years later moved to Geo-Research Institute based in Osaka, Japan. In 2003, he came back to Tongji University in China to be involved in the development of a 150gton geotechnical centrifuge, and is now an Associate Professor taking charge of the centrifuge lab.

Dr. Xianfeng Ma is now the executive group member of TC104, ISSMGE, and the standing committee member of sub-committee of geotechnical centrifuge under Chinese society of hydraulic engineering. His research interests in the perspective of centrifuge modeling are mainly related to the behaviour of underground structures in soft ground, including retained excavation works, tunneling, reclaimed land construction and ground improvement, in which the impacts of construction process on surrounding environment are one of the main issues checked as well as the long-term behaviour after the construction.

Associate Professor Andy Take, Queen's University, Canada

Title: Physical modelling of instability and flow in loose granular slopes

Andy Take is an Associate Professor and researcher in Geotechnical Engineering in the Department of Civil Engineering at Queen’s University.

Andy completed an undergraduate and an M.Sc.Eng degree from the University of New Brunswick with Prof. Arun Valsangkar, before travelling to the UK to undertake his PhD studies under the supervision of Prof. Malcolm Bolton at the University of Cambridge. In 2002, Andy was elected into a Research Fellowship at Churchill College, Cambridge, and worked at the Schofield Centre for Geotechnical Process and Construction Modelling until his return to Canada in 2004 to take up the position of Assistant Professor at Queen’s.

Andy’s research can be broadly categorised into four primary areas of specialisation (i) the development of image-based deformation methods for the measurement of displacements, velocities, accelerations and strain fields in geotechnical and other solid materials [Dr Take’s software, geoPIV, written in collaboration with Dr Dave White (University of Western Australia), is currently being used in over fifty research centres worldwide], (ii) geotechnical physical modelling [Dr Take is the Vice Chair of ISSMGE technical committee on physical modelling, TC104], (iii) the investigation of the influence of climate on the mechanisms of landslide triggering, and (iv) the unsaturated behaviour of geosynthetics in geoenvironmental barrier applications.

Andy’s research program has been funded by NSERC (through the Discovery Grant, Discovery Accelerator Supplement, Collaborative Research and Development, Major Resources Support, Research Tools and Instruments, and Strategic Grant programs), the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, along with various industry partners.

The findings of his research have led to an Early Researcher Award from the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, a best paper award in the Journal Geosynthetics International, a best paper award in the Asia-Pacific Conference on FRP in Structures (APFIS 2007), the 2011 R.M. Quigley Award for the best paper in the Canadian Geotechnical Journal, and an honorable mention for the 2010 Casimir Gzowski Medal.

Assistant Professor Tetsuo Tobita, Kyoto University, Japan

Title: Combined failure mechanism on geotechnical structures

Research interest
Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering Centrifuge experiments: Since 2002, I have been engaged in working with the centrifuge in DPRI, Kyoto University.

Since 2002, Assistant Professor at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University 1997 Fall to 2002 August, Ph. D, Graduate School of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, University of Southern California, USA 1995 April - 1997 March ME, Department of Civil Engineering Systems, Lifeline Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, Kyoto University, Japan 1990 April - 1995 March BA, Department of Civil Engineering, Kyoto University, Japan

Dr Dan Wilson, University of California, Davis, USA

Title: Advancing geotechnical earthquake engineering knowledge through centrifuge modelling

Dan Wilson is the Associate Director for the Center for Geotechnical Modeling at the University of California at Davis. Dan received his MS and PhD, both from UC Davis, using the 1-m and 9-m radius geotechnical centrifuges to study seismic soil structure interaction problems. He has overseen research operations for the Center since 1997, working on dozens of geotechnical earthquake engineering problems with researchers from across the United States and abroad, using both centrifuges at Davis. Dan has also been highly involved in centrifuge equipment development at the CGM over the past 25 years, such as high performance servo-hydraulic shakers, high speed wireless data acquisition systems, in-flight soil characterization techniques such as cone penetrometers and shear wave velocity measurement systems, dynamic model containers, sensors and data acquisition technologies, and model construction equipment.